When we feel of mushrooms and the southern Mexico point out of Oaxaca, the very first thing which usually will come to thoughts is María Sabina, Huautla de Jiménez and hallucinogenic “magic” mushrooms. But gradually which is all altering as a result of the groundbreaking perform of Josefina Jiménez and Johann Mathieu in mycology, by means of their organization, Mico-lógica.
Based in the village of Benito Juárez, located in Oaxaca’s Ixtlán district (more frequently identified as the Sierra Norte, the state’s main ecotourism area), Mico-lógica’s mission is threefold: to teach equally Mexicans and guests to the place in the low-cost cultivation of a selection of mushroom species to educate about the medicinal, dietary and environmental (sustainable) worth of mushrooms and to perform ongoing investigation concerning ideal climatic locations and the diversity of substrata for mushroom society.
The French-born Mathieu moved to Mexico, and in reality to Huautla de Jiménez, in 2005. “Of course, coming all the way to Mexico from France to pursue my curiosity in mushrooms appears like a prolonged way to vacation,” Mathieu defined in a current job interview in Oaxaca. “But there really was not considerably of an possibility to perform research and increase a enterprise in Western Europe,” he proceeds, “considering that reverence for mushrooms experienced been all but entirely eradicated by The Church over the system of hundreds of years and I realized that Mexico even now maintains a respect and appreciation for the medicinal and nutritional worth of hongos. Mexico is significantly from mycophobic.”
Huautla de Jiménez is a lot more than a five hour drive from the closest metropolitan middle. Accordingly, Mathieu at some point understood that staying in Huautla, whilst holding an historic allure and being in a geographic area conducive to doing work with mushrooms, would hinder his initiatives to grow a organization and cultivate widespread desire in understanding about fungi. Mathieu grew to become cognizant of the burgeoning status of Oaxaca’s ecotourism communities of the Sierra Norte, and certainly the Feria Regional de Hongos Silvestres (regional wild mushroom festival), held each year in Cuahimoloyas.
Mathieu satisfied Josefina Jiménez at the summertime weekend mushroom function. Jiménez had moved to Oaxaca from hometown Mexico Town in 2002. The two shared related passions Jiménez had examined agronomy, and for close to a ten years experienced been functioning with sustainable agriculture projects in rural farming communities in the Huasteca Potosina area of San Luis Potosí, the mountains of Guerrero and the coastline of Chiapas. Mathieu and Jiménez grew to become enterprise, and then existence partners in Benito Juárez.
Mathieu and Jiménez are concentrating on a few mushroom species in their arms-on seminars oyster (seta), shitake and reishi. Their a single-working day workshops are for oyster mushrooms, and two-working day clinics for the latter two species of fungus. “With reishi, and to a lesser extent shitake, we’re also educating a truthful little bit about the medicinal employs of mushrooms, so much more time is essential,” says Mathieu, “and with oyster mushrooms it really is predominantly [but not solely] a training course on cultivation.”
Whilst education seminars are now only provided in Benito Juárez, Mathieu and Jiménez prepare to broaden operations to include equally the central valleys and coastal areas of Oaxaca. The item is to have a network of producers growing diverse mushrooms which are optimally suited for cultivation dependent on the particular microclimate. There are about 70 sub-species of oyster mushrooms, and as a result as a species, the adaptability of the oyster mushroom to various climatic areas is outstanding. “The oyster can be grown in a multitude of distinct substrata, and that’s what we are experimenting with right now,” he elucidates. The oyster mushroom can thrive when developed on products which would normally be squander, these kinds of as discard from cultivating beans, sugar cane, agave (like the fibrous waste made in mezcal distillation), peas, the frequent river reed recognized as carriso, sawdust, and the record goes on. Agricultural waste which could or else be remaining to rot or be burned, every single with adverse environmental implications, can kind substrata for mushroom cultivation. It ought to be mentioned, although trite, that mushroom cultivation is a very sustainable, inexperienced sector. Above the past a number of many years Mexico has in simple fact been at the fore in several regions of sustainable sector.
Mathieu exemplifies how mushrooms can provide an arguably even better environmental good:
“They can hold up to 30 thousand occasions their mass, obtaining implications for inhibiting erosion. They have been utilised to cleanse up oil spills by way of absorption and hence are an essential motor vehicle for habitat restoration. Study has been carried out with mushrooms in the struggle against carpenter ant destruction it really is been advised that the use of fungi has the possible to entirely revamp the pesticide industry in an environmentally friendly way. There are actually hundreds of other eco-helpful purposes for mushroom use, and in every scenario the mushroom stays an edible by-merchandise. Get a seem at the Paul Stamets YouTube lecture, 6 Techniques Mushrooms Can Preserve The Entire world.”
Mathieu and Jiménez can frequently be found promoting their products on weekends in the organic markets in Oaxaca. magic mushrooms than satisfied to go over the nutritional worth of their items which assortment from normally their refreshing mushrooms, but also as preserves, marinated with both chipotle and nopal or jalapeño and cauliflower. The mushroom’s vitamin B12 cannot be identified in fruits or vegetables, and appropriately a diet plan which contains fungi is incredibly essential for vegetarians who cannot get B12, most frequently contained in meats. Mushrooms can simply be a substitute for meats, with the gain that they are not loaded with antibiotics and hormones typically located in industrially processed meat goods.
Mico-lógica also sell teas and extracts made from various mushroom species, each and every formulated as possibly a dietary dietary supplement, or for their medicinal properties. Whilst neither Mathieu nor Jiménez has the pharmacological track record to prescribe mycological remedy for significant ailments, Mathieu’s personal analysis details to the medicinal use of mushrooms dating from pre-historical past, to the present. He notes properties of mushrooms which can assist to restore the immune program, and thus the use of fungi as a enhance in the therapy of cancer and AIDS, and their utility in managing diabetic issues and managing higher cholesterol.
“We must all be embracing the natural and organic production of mushrooms,” Mathieu concludes. “It really is so effortless, it requires a minimum cash investment, and it supplies important rewards, the two for individuals ingesting hongos for nutritional and medicinal motives, and for the producers, even small scale. Mico-lógica also sells dried mushrooms. Yet most of the dried mushrooms marketed in Mexico are imported from China, and are not natural and organic. It truly is a true shame on many amounts.”